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Sunday, December 18, 2016

What is Irisin?

Irisin is an enzyme which is secreted from muscle in response to movement (i.e. exercise).

This protein is also called the exercise hormone and may help in converting white fat (WAT) to brown fat (BAT).

It may help fight obesity and diabetes. 

Sunday, December 11, 2016

What is Ursolic Acid?

Ursolic acid is a molecule (from a class of chemicals called pentacyclic triterpenoids) which increases brown fat production. (Brown fat burns calories vs white fat which stores them).

Ursolic acid is found in apple peel, holy basil, rosemary leaf, yerba mate.

This molecule shows some promise for supplementation by body builders except that it has a very low bioavailabily (.6%).

It may also have an anti-tumour effect as well as reduce fight or flight activity. 

Sunday, December 4, 2016

What is an adaptogen?

An adaptogen is a natural substance ( ie. plant or root) which helps the body adapt to stress.

These herbs have been used for thousands of years in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine.

Two of the more common adaptogens are Ashwagandha and Rhodiola.

Some researchers say that these compounds work by quietening a stress activated enzyme called JNK. 

Sunday, November 27, 2016

How can you stimulate the production of brown fat?

Exercise stimulates an enzyme called irisin which helps turn white fat into brown fat.

Ursolic acid (found in apple peel and other foods) can boost the body's production of brown fat.

Melatonin can help increase beige fat (which is like brown fat).

Being cold (i.e. shivering) makes brown fat more active (meaning more calories are burnt).

Sunday, November 20, 2016

What is Brown Fat?

Brown fat is also known as Brown Adipose Tissue (as opposed to White Adipose Tissue).

It's called brown because it's darker than white fat due to the presence of mitochondria (the cell engine). This means that brown fat resembles muscle more than it does fat.

Brown fat has a blood supply and burns calories to help keep us warm.

Brown fat speeds up the body's metabolism and people with low BMI's seem to have more brown fat.

Brown fat is hard to find on the body as it's mixed in with white fat cells in fat tissue. 

Monday, August 1, 2016

What is Inulin?

Inulin is a prebiotic or a soluable dietry fibre. It is considered a fructon cannot be digested in the small intestine, thereby moving along into the large intestine to become a food source (prebiotic)  for the probiotics there. In other words, it stimulated the growth of good bacteria in the intestine.

It can also help the body absorb calcium and help blood sugar stay balanced.

Inulin is found in garlic, chicory root, Jerusalem artichoke, leek, and bananas. 

Monday, July 25, 2016

What is a prebiotic?

A prebiotic is a nondigestible food or a type of fiber. It functions as a food source for a probiotic, therefore is essential for the creation of healthy gut bacteria.

The best sources are raw chicory, raw jerusalem artichoke, garlic, leek, and banana.